# Goldman Sachs Interview Questions

Goldman Sachs is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company. Founded in 1869, Goldman Sachs is headquartered at 200 West Street in Lower Manhattan, with regional headquarters in LondonWarsawBangaloreHong KongTokyo, and Salt Lake City, and additional offices in other international financial centers. Goldman Sachs is the second largest investment bank in the world by revenue and is ranked 57th on the Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. It is considered a systemically important financial institution by the Financial Stability Board.

It has got a 4.0* rating on Glassdoor and is considered one of the best product-based companies. It is highly regarded for its work-life balance.

They provide good training as well which will be beneficial in future too. You can practice the below questions collected from Goldman Sachs Interview Experience for the interview. We have collected past frequently asked questions from Goldman Sachs Interview Experience for your reference.

## Goldman Sachs Array Questions

Question 1. Maximum Size Subarray Sum Equals k Leetcode Solution Problem Statement: The Maximum Size Subarray Sum Equals k Leetcode Solution – Given an integer array nums and integer k, return the maximum length of a subarray that sums to k. If there is not one, return 0 instead. Example: Input: nums = [1,-1,5,-2,3], k = 3 Output: 4 Explanation:   The ...

Question 2. H-Index Leetcode Solution Problem Statement: H-Index Leetcode solution says that – Given an array of integers “citations” where citations[i] is the number of citations a researcher received for their ith paper, return researcher’s H-Index. If several H-Index values are present, return the maximum among them. Definition of H-Index:  A scientist has an index ...

Question 3. High Five LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: The High Five LeetCode Solution – Given a list of scores of different students named “item”, where the “item” has two fields item[0] represents the student’s id, and item[1] represents the student’s score eg. item[i]=[IDi, SCOREi] Return the answer as an array of pairs result, where result[j] = ...

Question 4. Find the Winner of the Circular Game LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Find the Winner of the Circular Game LeetCode Solution – There are n friends that are playing a game. The friends are sitting in a circle and are numbered from 1 to n in clockwise order. More formally, moving clockwise from the ith friend brings you to the ...

Question 5. Minimum Path Sum Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Minimum Path Sum LeetCode Solution – “Minimum Path Sum” says that given a n x m grid consisting of non-negative integers and we need to find a path from top-left to bottom right, which minimizes the sum of all numbers along the path. We can only move ...

Question 6. Min Cost Climbing Stairs LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Min Cost Climbing Stairs LeetCode Solution – An integer array cost  is given, where cost[i] is the cost of ith step on a staircase. Once you pay the cost, you can either climb one or two steps. You can either start from the step with index 0, or the step with ...

Question 7. Insert Delete GetRandom O(1) Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Insert Delete GetRandom O(1) LeetCode Solution – “Insert Delete GetRandom O(1)” asks you to implement these four functions in O(1) time complexity. insert(val): Insert the val into the randomized set and return true if the element is initially absent in the set. It returns false when the ...

Question 8. Trapping Rain Water Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Trapping Rain Water LeetCode Solution – “Trapping Rain Water” states that given an array of heights which represents an elevation map where the width of each bar is 1. We need to find the amount of water trapped after rain. Example: Input: height = [0,1,0,2,1,0,1,3,2,1,2,1] Output: 6 Explanation: Check ...

Question 9. Minimum Cost For Tickets Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Minimum Cost For Tickets LeetCode Solution – “Minimum Cost For Tickets” asks you to find the minimum number of dollars you need to travel every day in the given list of days. You will be given an integer array of days. Each day is an integer from ...

Question 10. Shortest Word Distance Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Shortest Word Distance LeetCode Solution – says that you’re given an array of strings and two different words. We need to return the shortest distance between these two words that appear in the input string. Example: Input: wordsDict = ["practice", "makes", "perfect", "coding", "makes"], word1 = "coding", word2 = "practice" Output: 3 Explanation: Word “coding” occurs at position 4. ...

Question 11. Missing Number Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Missing Number LeetCode Solution – “Missing Number” states that given an array of size n containing n distinct numbers between [0,n]. We need to return the number which is missing in the range. Example:   Input:  nums = [3,0,1] Output: 2 Explanation: We can easily observe that all the ...

Question 12. Combination Sum Leetcode Solution The problem Combination Sum Leetcode Solution provides us an array or list of integers and a target. We are told to find the combinations that can be made using these integers any number of times that add up to the given target. So more formally, we can use the given ...

Question 13. Maximum Subarray Leetcode Solution Problem Statement Given an integer array nums, find the contiguous subarray (containing at least one number) which has the largest sum and return its sum. Example nums = [-2,1,-3,4,-1,2,1,-5,4] 6 Explanation: [4,-1,2,1] has the largest sum = 6. nums = [-1] -1 Approach 1 (Divide and Conquer) In this approach ...

Question 14. Unique Paths Leetcode Solution The problem Unique Paths Leetcode Solution states that you are given two integers representing the size of a grid. Using the size of the grid, the length, and breadth of the grid. We need to find the number of unique paths from the top left corner of the grid to ...

Question 15. Merge Sorted Arrays Leetcode Solution In the problem “Merge Sorted Arrays”, we are given two arrays sorted in non-descending order. The first array is not fully filled and has enough space to accommodate all elements of the second array as well. We have to merge the two arrays, such that the first array contains elements ...

Question 16. Search in Rotated Sorted Array Leetcode Solution Consider a sorted array but one index was picked and the array was rotated at that point. Now, once the array has been rotated you are required to find a particular target element and return its index. In case, the element is not present, return -1. The problem is generally ...

Question 17. Check if two arrays are equal or not The problem “Check if two arrays are equal or not” states that you are given two arrays. The problem statement says that you have to determine if given arrays are equal or not. Example arr1[] = { 1, 4, 2, 5, 2 }; arr2[] = { 2, 1, 5, 4, ...

Question 18. Subarray with 0 sum The problem “Find if there is a subarray with 0 sum” states that you are given an integer array containing negative integers as well. The problem statement asks to determine if any sub-array of size at-least 1. This sub-array should have a sum equal to 1. Example arr[] = {2,1,-3,4,5} ...

Question 19. Form minimum number from given sequence The problem “Form minimum number from given sequence” states that you are given some pattern of I’s and D’s only. The meaning of I stands for increasing and for decreasing we are provided with D. The problem statement asks to print the minimum number which satisfies the given pattern. We have ...

Question 20. Binary array after M range toggle operations You are given a binary array, which consists of 0 initially and Q number of queries. The problem statement asks to toggle the values (converting 0s into 1s and 1s into 0s). After the Q queries performed, print the resultant array. Example arr[] = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0} Toggle(2,4) ...

Question 21. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock Problem Statement The problem “Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock” states that you are given an array of prices of length n, where the ith element stores the price of stock on ith day. If we can make only one transaction, that is, to buy on one day and ...

Question 22. Form Minimum Number From Given Sequence Problem Statement The problem “Form Minimum Number From Given Sequence states that you are given a string s of length/size n representing a pattern of characters ‘I’ i.e. increasing and ‘D’ i.e. decreasing only. Print the minimum number for the given pattern with unique digits from 1-9. For instance – ...

Question 23. Collect maximum points in a grid using two traversals Problem Statement We are given a matrix of size “n x m”, and we need to collect maximum points in a grid using two traversals. If we are standing at cell i,j then we have three options to go to cell i+1, j or i+1, j-1or i+1, j+1. That is ...

Question 24. Maximum sum bitonic subarray Problem Statement An array having n integers is given to us. We need to find the maximum sum bitonic subarray. A bitonic subarray is nothing but just a subarray where the elements are arranged in a specific order. Such that the first elements are in increasing order and then in ...

Question 25. Merge Overlapping Intervals In merge overlapping intervals problem we have given a collection of intervals, merge and return all overlapping intervals. Example Input : [[2, 3], [3, 4], [5, 7]] Output: [[2, 4], [5, 7]] Explanation: We can merge [2, 3] and [3, 4] together to form [2, 4] Approach for finding Merge ...

Question 26. Median of Two Sorted Arrays Given two sorted arrays A and B of size n and m respectively. Find the median of the final sorted array obtained after merging the given two arrays or in other words, we say that find median of two sorted arrays. ( Expected time complexity: O(log(n)) ) Approach 1 for ...

Question 27. Minimum Size Subarray Sum Given an array nums of a positive integer and a sum s, find the minimum size of a contiguous subarray of nums such that whose sum equals to or greater than s(given value). Example Input: nums[] = {2, 3, 1, 2, 4, 3} s = 7 Output: 2   {Subarray [4, ...

Question 28. Minimum Path Sum In the minimum path sum problem, we have given “a × b” matrix consisting of non-negative numbers. Your task is to find the path from top left to right bottom which minimizes the sum consisting of all the numbers which come in a path you found. Note: You can only move ...

Question 29. Trapping Rain Water LeetCode Solution In the Trapping Rain Water LeetCode problem, we have given N non-negative integers representing an elevation map and the width of each bar is 1. We have to find the amount of water that can be trapped in the above structure. Example Let’s understand that by an example For the ...

Question 30. Search in Sorted Rotated Array An element search in sorted rotated array can be found using binary search in O(logn) time. The objective of this post is to find a given element in a sorted rotated array in O(logn) time. Some example of a sorted rotated array is given. Example Input : arr[] = {7,8,9,10,1,2,3,5,6}; ...

Question 31. Unique Paths A m x n 2D  grid is given and you are standing at the topmost and leftmost cell in the grid. i.e. the cell located at (1,1). Find the number of unique paths that can be taken to reach a cell located at (m,n) from the cell located at (1,1) ...

Question 32. Maximum Subarray In the Maximum Subarray problem we have given an integer array nums, find the contiguous sub array which has the largest sum and print the maximum sum subarray value. Example Input nums[] = {-2, 1, -3, 4, -1, 2, 1, -5, 4} Output 6 Algorithm The goal is to find ...

Question 33. Merging Intervals In merging intervals problem we have given a set of intervals of the form [l, r], merge the overlapping intervals. Examples Input {[1, 3], [2, 6], [8, 10], [15, 18]} Output {[1, 6], [8, 10], [15, 18]} Input {[1, 4], [1, 5]} Output {[1, 5]} Naive Approach for merging intervals ...

Question 34. 4Sum In the 4Sum problem, we have given an integer x and an array a[ ] of size n. Find all the unique set of 4 elements in array such that sum of those 4 elements is equal to the given integer x. Example Input  a[ ] = {1, 0, -1, ...

Question 35. Merge Sorted Array In merge sorted array problem we have given two sorted arrays in increasing order. In input first, we have given the number initialized to array1 and array2. These two-number are N and M. The size of array1 is equal to the sum of N and M. In array 1 first ...

Question 36. Sort Colors Sort colors is a problem in which we have to given an array containing N objects. Each box is painted with a single color which can be red, blue, and white. We have N objects which are already painted. We have to sort the array such that the same color ...

Question 37. Subarray Sum Equals k Given an integer array and an integer k. Find total number of contiguous subarrays of given array whose sum of elements is equal to k. Example Input 1: arr[] = {5,0,5,10,3,2,-15,4} k = 5 Output: 7 Input 2: arr[] = {1,1,1,2,4,-2} k = 2 Output: 4 Explanation : consider example-1 ...

Question 38. Quick Sort Quick Sort is a sorting algorithm. Given an unsorted array sort it using quick sort algorithm. Example Input: {8, 9, 5, 2, 3, 1, 4} Output: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9} Theory It’s a Divide and Conquer sorting Algorithm. It picks a pivot element in the array, splits ...

Question 39. Coin Change Problem Coin Change Problem – Given some coins of different values c1, c2, … , cs (For instance: 1,4,7….). We need an amount n. Use these given coins to form the amount n. You can use a coin as many times as required. Find the total number of ways in which ...

Question 40. Form Minimum Number from Given Sequence of D’s and I’s Problem Statement In the “Form Minimum Number from Given Sequence of D’s and I’s” problem, we have given a pattern containing only I’s and D’s. I for increasing and D for decreasing. Write a program to print the minimum number following that pattern. Digits from 1-9 and digits can’t repeat. Input Format ...

Question 41. Find the Minimum Element in a Sorted and Rotated Array Problem Statement In the “Find the Minimum Element in a Sorted and Rotated Array” problem we have given a sorted array a[]. This array is rotated at some unknown point, find the minimum element in this array. Input Format The first and only one line containing an integer value n. ...

Question 42. Merge Overlapping Intervals II Problem Statement In the “Merge Overlapping Intervals II” problem we have given a set of intervals. Write a program that will merge the overlapping intervals into one and print all the non-overlapping intervals. Input Format The first line containing an integer n. Second-line containing n pairs where each pair is ...

Question 43. Maximum Subarray Sum using Divide and Conquer Problem Statement In the “Maximum Subarray Sum using Divide and Conquer” problem we have given an array of both positive and negative integers. Write a program that will find the largest sum of the contiguous subarray. Input Format The first line containing an integer N. Second-line containing an array of ...

Question 44. Find the Maximum Repeating Number in Array Problem Statement In the “Find the Maximum Repeating Number in Array” problem we have given an unsorted array of size N. Given array contains numbers in range {0, k} where k <= N. Find the number that is coming the maximum number of times in the array. Input Format The ...

Question 45. Four Elements that Sum to Given Problem Statement In four elements that sum to a given problem, we have given an array containing N elements that may be positive or negative. Find the set of four elements whose sum is equal to given value k. Input Format First-line containing an integer N. Second-line containing an array ...

Question 46. Partition Problem Problem Statement In the Partition problem, we have given a set that contains n elements. Find whether the given set can be divided into two sets whose sum of elements in the subsets is equal. Example Input arr[] = {4, 5, 11, 9, 8, 3} Output Yes Explanation The array ...

Question 47. Subarray with Given Sum Problem Statement In the subarray with the given sum problem, we have given an array containing n positive elements. We have to find the subarray in which the sum of all the elements of the subarray equal to a given_sum. Subarray is obtained from the original array by deleting some ...

Question 48. Maximum Element in an Array which is Increasing and then Decreasing Problem Statement In the given array which contains n elements. Elements are stored in such a way that first k elements are in increasing order and then n-k elements in decreasing from there, we need to find the maximum element in the array. Example a)    Input array : [15, 25, ...

Question 49. Find the Lost Element From a Duplicated Array Problem Statement Given two arrays A and B, one array is a duplicate of the other except one element. The one element is missing from either A or B. we need to find the lost element from a duplicated array. Example 5 1 6 4 8 9 6 4 8 ...

Question 50. Merge Two Sorted Arrays Problem Statement In merge two sorted arrays problem, we have given two input sorted arrays, we need to merge these two arrays such that the initial numbers after complete sorting should be in the first array and remaining in the second array. Example Input A[] = {1, 3, 5, 7, ...

Question 51. Count of Triplets With Sum Less than Given Value Problem Statement We have given an array containing N number of elements. In the given array, Count the number of triplets with a sum less than the given value. Example Input a[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8} Sum = 10 Output 7 Possible triplets are : ...

Question 52. Merging Two Sorted Arrays Problem Statement In merging two sorted arrays problem we have given two sorted arrays, one array with size m+n and the other array with size n. We will merge the n sized array into m+n sized array and print the m+n sized merged array. Example Input 6 3 M[] = ...

Question 53. Find Triplet in Array With a Given Sum Problem Statement Given an array of integers, find the combination of three elements in the array whose sum is equal to a given value X. Here we will print the first combination that we get. If there is no such combination then print -1. Example Input N=5, X=15 arr[] = ...

Question 54. Find Leaders in an Array Problem Statement Given an array containing N elements. Find the leaders in an array. Leaders are the element that have no element larger than themselves on the right of them in the array. Example Input 7 1 95 4 46 8 12 21 Output 95 46 21 Explanation Here no ...

Question 55. Smallest Positive Number Missing in an Unsorted Array Problem Statement In the given unsorted array find the smallest positive number missing in an unsorted array. A positive integer doesn’t include 0. We can modify the original array if needed. The array may contain positive and negative numbers. Example a. Input array : [3, 4, -1, 0, -2, 2, 1, ...

Question 56. Move All the Zeros to the End of the Given Array Problem Statement In the given array move all the zeros which are present in the array to the end of the array. Here there is always a way exist to insert all the number of zeroes to the end of the array. Example Input 9 9 17 0 14 0 ...

Question 57. Find Smallest Missing Number in a Sorted Array Problem Statement In the “Find Smallest Missing Number in a Sorted Array” problem we have given an integer array. Find the smallest missing number in N sized sorted array having unique elements in the range of 0 to M-1, where M>N. Example Input [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, ...

Question 58. First Repeating Element Problem Statement We have given an array that contains n integers. We have to find the first repeating element in the given array. If there is no repeated element then print “No repeating integer found”. Note: Repeating elements are those elements that come more than once. (Array may contain duplicates) ...

Question 59. A Product Array Puzzle Problem Statement In a product array puzzle problem we need to construct an array where the ith element will be the product of all the elements in the given array except element at the ith position. Example Input  5 10 3 5 6 2 Output 180 600 360 300 900 ...

Question 60. Find All Pairs With a Given Difference Problem Statement We have given an array of containing different elements or no repeated elements present in the array. Find all pairs with a given difference. If there is no any pair with given different then print “No pair with given different”. Example Input 10 20 90 70 20 80 ...

Question 61. Find the first Repeating Number in a Given Array Problem Statement There can be multiple repeating numbers in an array but you have to find the first repeating number in a given array (occurring the second time). Example Input 12 5 4 2 8 9 7 12 5 6 12 4 7 Output 5 is the first repeating element ...

Question 62. Find the Missing Number Problem Statement In finding the missing number from an array of 1 to N numbers we have given an array that contains N-1 numbers. One number is missing from an array of numbers from 1 to N. We have to find the missing number. Input Format First-line containing an integer ...

## Goldman Sachs String Questions

Question 63. Rotate String LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Rotate String LeetCode Solution – Given two strings s and goal, return true if and only if s can become goal after some number of shifts on s. A shift on s consists of moving the leftmost character of s to the rightmost position. For example, if s = “abcde”, then it will ...

Question 64. Minimum Remove to Make Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The Minimum Remove to Make Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution – You are given a string s of ‘(‘, ‘)’ and lowercase English characters. Your task is to remove the minimum number of parentheses ( ‘(‘ or ‘)’, in any positions ) so that the resulting parentheses string is ...

Question 65. Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters LeetCode Solution –  states that given the string s. We need to find the longest substring without repeating characters. Example: Input: s = "abcabcbb" Output: 3 Explanation: The longest substring with no characters being repeated is of length 3. The string is: “abc”. Input: s = "bbbbb" ...

Question 66. Valid Parentheses Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution – “Valid Parentheses” states that you’re given a string containing just the characters '(', ')', '{', '}', '[' and ']'. We need to determine whether the input string is a valid string or not. A string is said to be a valid string if open brackets must be closed ...

Question 67. Shortest Word Distance Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Shortest Word Distance LeetCode Solution – says that you’re given an array of strings and two different words. We need to return the shortest distance between these two words that appear in the input string. Example: Input: wordsDict = ["practice", "makes", "perfect", "coding", "makes"], word1 = "coding", word2 = "practice" Output: 3 Explanation: Word “coding” occurs at position 4. ...

Question 68. Roman to Integer Leetcode Solution In the problem “Roman to Integer”, we are given a string representing some positive integer in its Roman numeral form. Roman numerals are represented by 7 characters that can be converted to integers using the following table: Note: The integer value of the given roman numeral will not exceed or ...

Question 69. Count Substrings with equal number of 0s, 1s and 2s The problem “Count Substrings with equal number of 0s, 1s and 2s” states that you are given a string that has 0, 1, and 2 only. The problem statement asks to find out the number of substrings that contain equal no of 0, 1, and 2 only. Example str= “01200” ...

Question 70. Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters LeetCode Solution Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters LeetCode Solution – Given a string, we have to find the length of the longest substring without repeating characters. Let’s look into a few examples: Example pwwkew 3 Explanation: Answer is “wke” with length 3 aav 2 Explanation: Answer is “av” with length 2 Approach-1 ...

Question 71. Form minimum number from given sequence The problem “Form minimum number from given sequence” states that you are given some pattern of I’s and D’s only. The meaning of I stands for increasing and for decreasing we are provided with D. The problem statement asks to print the minimum number which satisfies the given pattern. We have ...

Question 72. Form Minimum Number From Given Sequence Problem Statement The problem “Form Minimum Number From Given Sequence states that you are given a string s of length/size n representing a pattern of characters ‘I’ i.e. increasing and ‘D’ i.e. decreasing only. Print the minimum number for the given pattern with unique digits from 1-9. For instance – ...

Question 73. Reverse words in a string Problem Statement “Reverse words in a string” states that you are given a string s of size n. Print the string in reverse order such that the last word becomes the first, second last becomes the second, and so on. Hereby string we refer to a sentence containing words instead ...

Question 74. Second Most Repeated Word in a Sequence Given a sequence of strings, the task is to find out the second most repeated (or frequent) word or string in a sequence. (Considering no two words are the second most repeated, there will be always a single word). Example Input: {“aaa”, ”bb”, ”bb”, ”aaa”, ”aaa”, c”} Output: String with ...

Question 75. Decode Ways In Decode Ways problem we have given a non-empty string containing only digits, determine the total number of ways to decode it using the following mapping: 'A' -> 1 'B' -> 2 ... 'Z' -> 26 Example S = “123” Number of ways to decode this string is 3 If we ...

Question 76. Regular Expression Matching In the Regular Expression Matching problem we have given two strings one (let’s assume it x) consists of only lower case alphabets and second (let’s assume it y) consists of lower case alphabets with two special characters i.e, “.” and “*”. The task is to find whether the second string ...

Question 77. String Compression In the String Compression problem, we have given an array a[ ] of type char. Compress it as the character and count of a particular character (if the count of character is 1 then the only character is stored in a compressed array). The length of the compressed array should ...

Question 78. Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution In Valid Parentheses LeetCode problem we have given a string containing just the characters ‘(‘, ‘)’, ‘{‘, ‘}’, ‘[‘ and ‘]’, determine if the input string is valid. Here we will provide a Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution to you. An input string is valid if: Open brackets must be closed ...

Question 79. Find unique character in a string In Find unique character in a string problem, we have given a string containing only lower case alphabets(a-z). We need to find the first non-repeating character in it and print the index. if no such character exists print -1. Input Format Only a single line containing string. Output Format Print ...

Question 80. Kth Non-repeating Character Problem Statement In the “Kth Non-repeating Character” we have given a string “s”. Write a program to find out the kth non-repeating_character. If there are less than k character which is non-repeating in the string then print “-1”. Input Format The first and only one line containing a string “s”. ...

Question 81. Check if Two given Strings are Isomorphic to each other Problem Statement In the “Check if Two given Strings are Isomorphic to each other” problem we have given two strings s1 and s2. Write a program that says whether the given strings are isomorphic or not. Note: Two strings are said to be isomorphic if there is a one to ...

Question 82. Form Minimum Number from Given Sequence of D’s and I’s Problem Statement In the “Form Minimum Number from Given Sequence of D’s and I’s” problem, we have given a pattern containing only I’s and D’s. I for increasing and D for decreasing. Write a program to print the minimum number following that pattern. Digits from 1-9 and digits can’t repeat. Input Format ...

## Goldman Sachs Tree Questions

Question 83. Binary Tree Inorder Traversal LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Binary Tree Inorder Traversal LeetCode solution Given the root of a binary tree, return the inorder traversal of its nodes’ values. Example 1: Input: root = [1,null,2,3] Output: [1,3,2] Example 2: Input: root = [] Output: [] Example 3: Input: root = [1] Output: [1] Constraints: The number of nodes in ...

Question 84. Flatten Binary Tree to Linked List LeetCode Solution Flatten Binary Tree to Linked List LeetCode Solution says that – Given the root of a binary tree, flatten the tree into a “linked list”: The “linked list” should use the same TreeNode class where the right child pointer points to the next node in the list and the left child pointer is always null. The “linked list” ...

## Goldman Sachs Stack Questions

Question 85. Binary Tree Inorder Traversal LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Binary Tree Inorder Traversal LeetCode solution Given the root of a binary tree, return the inorder traversal of its nodes’ values. Example 1: Input: root = [1,null,2,3] Output: [1,3,2] Example 2: Input: root = [] Output: [] Example 3: Input: root = [1] Output: [1] Constraints: The number of nodes in ...

Question 86. Flatten Binary Tree to Linked List LeetCode Solution Flatten Binary Tree to Linked List LeetCode Solution says that – Given the root of a binary tree, flatten the tree into a “linked list”: The “linked list” should use the same TreeNode class where the right child pointer points to the next node in the list and the left child pointer is always null. The “linked list” ...

Question 87. Minimum Remove to Make Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The Minimum Remove to Make Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution – You are given a string s of ‘(‘, ‘)’ and lowercase English characters. Your task is to remove the minimum number of parentheses ( ‘(‘ or ‘)’, in any positions ) so that the resulting parentheses string is ...

Question 88. Trapping Rain Water Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Trapping Rain Water LeetCode Solution – “Trapping Rain Water” states that given an array of heights which represents an elevation map where the width of each bar is 1. We need to find the amount of water trapped after rain. Example: Input: height = [0,1,0,2,1,0,1,3,2,1,2,1] Output: 6 Explanation: Check ...

Question 89. Valid Parentheses Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Valid Parentheses LeetCode Solution – “Valid Parentheses” states that you’re given a string containing just the characters '(', ')', '{', '}', '[' and ']'. We need to determine whether the input string is a valid string or not. A string is said to be a valid string if open brackets must be closed ...

Question 90. Form minimum number from given sequence The problem “Form minimum number from given sequence” states that you are given some pattern of I’s and D’s only. The meaning of I stands for increasing and for decreasing we are provided with D. The problem statement asks to print the minimum number which satisfies the given pattern. We have ...

Question 91. Design a stack that supports getMin() in O(1) time and O(1) extra space Design a stack that supports getMin() in O(1) time and O(1) extra space. Thus the special stack data structure must support all the operations of the stack like – void push() int pop() bool isFull() bool isEmpty() in constant time. Add an additional operation getMin() to return the minimum value ...

Question 92. Sort a stack using recursion Problem Statement The problem “Sort a stack using recursion” states that you are given a stack data structure. Sort its elements using recursion. Only the below-listed functions of the stack can be used – push(element) – to insert the element in the stack. pop() – pop() – to remove/delete the ...

Question 93. Sorting array using Stacks Problem statement The problem “Sorting array using Stacks” states that you are given a data structure array a[ ] of size n. Sort the elements of the given array using stack data structure. Example 2 30 -5 43 100 -5 2 30 43 100 Explanation: The elements are sorted in ...

Question 94. Sort a stack using a temporary stack Problem Statement The problem “Sort a stack using a temporary stack” states that you are given a stack data structure. Sort the elements of the given stack using a temporary stack. Example 9 4 2 -1 6 20 20 9 6 4 2 -1 2 1 4 3 6 5 ...

Question 95. Form Minimum Number From Given Sequence Problem Statement The problem “Form Minimum Number From Given Sequence states that you are given a string s of length/size n representing a pattern of characters ‘I’ i.e. increasing and ‘D’ i.e. decreasing only. Print the minimum number for the given pattern with unique digits from 1-9. For instance – ...

Question 96. Min Stack In min stack problem we have to design a stack to implement the following functions efficiently, push(x) –> Push an element x to the stack pop() –> Removes the item on top of stack top() –> Return the element at top of stack getMin() –> Return the minimum element present ...

Question 97. Queue using Stacks In queue using a stack problem, we have to implement the following functions of a queue using the standard functions of stack data structure, Enqueue: Add an element to the end of the queue Dequeue: Remove an element from the start of the queue Example Input: Enqueue(5) Enqueue(11) Enqueue(39) Dequeue()  ...

Question 98. Trapping Rain Water LeetCode Solution In the Trapping Rain Water LeetCode problem, we have given N non-negative integers representing an elevation map and the width of each bar is 1. We have to find the amount of water that can be trapped in the above structure. Example Let’s understand that by an example For the ...

Question 99. Form Minimum Number from Given Sequence of D’s and I’s Problem Statement In the “Form Minimum Number from Given Sequence of D’s and I’s” problem, we have given a pattern containing only I’s and D’s. I for increasing and D for decreasing. Write a program to print the minimum number following that pattern. Digits from 1-9 and digits can’t repeat. Input Format ...

## Goldman Sachs Queue Questions

Question 100. Find the Winner of the Circular Game LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Find the Winner of the Circular Game LeetCode Solution – There are n friends that are playing a game. The friends are sitting in a circle and are numbered from 1 to n in clockwise order. More formally, moving clockwise from the ith friend brings you to the ...

Question 101. Queue using Stacks In queue using a stack problem, we have to implement the following functions of a queue using the standard functions of stack data structure, Enqueue: Add an element to the end of the queue Dequeue: Remove an element from the start of the queue Example Input: Enqueue(5) Enqueue(11) Enqueue(39) Dequeue()  ...

Question 102. Priority Queue A priority queue is a type of data structure which is similar to a regular queue but has a priority associated with each of its element. Higher the priority earlier the element will be served. In some cases, there are two elements with the same priority then, the element enqueued ...

## Goldman Sachs Matrix Questions

Question 103. Minimum Path Sum Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The Minimum Path Sum LeetCode Solution – “Minimum Path Sum” says that given a n x m grid consisting of non-negative integers and we need to find a path from top-left to bottom right, which minimizes the sum of all numbers along the path. We can only move ...

Question 104. Collect maximum points in a grid using two traversals Problem Statement We are given a matrix of size “n x m”, and we need to collect maximum points in a grid using two traversals. If we are standing at cell i,j then we have three options to go to cell i+1, j or i+1, j-1or i+1, j+1. That is ...

Question 105. Unique Paths A m x n 2D  grid is given and you are standing at the topmost and leftmost cell in the grid. i.e. the cell located at (1,1). Find the number of unique paths that can be taken to reach a cell located at (m,n) from the cell located at (1,1) ...

## Goldman Sachs Other Questions

Question 106. Candy LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Candy LeetCode Solution: There are n children standing in a line. Each child is assigned a rating value given in the integer array ratings. You are giving candies to these children subjected to the following requirements: Each child must have at least one candy. Children with a higher rating get more ...

Question 107. Invert Binary Tree LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Invert Binary Tree LeetCode Solution : Given the root of a binary tree, invert the tree, and return its root. An inverted form of a Binary Tree is another Binary Tree with left and right children of all non-leaf nodes interchanged. You may also call it the mirror of the input tree. ...

Question 108. Break a Palindrome LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Break a Palindrome LeetCode Solution: Given a palindromic string of lowercase English letters palindrome, replace exactly one character with any lowercase English letter so that the resulting string is not a palindrome and that it is the lexicographically smallest one possible. Return the resulting string. If there is no way to replace a character to make ...

Question 109. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock IV LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock IV LeetCode Solution: You are given an integer array prices where prices[i] is the price of a given stock on the ith day, and an integer k. Find the maximum profit you can achieve. You may complete at most k transactions. Note: You may not engage in multiple transactions simultaneously ...

Question 110. Find First and Last Position of Element in Sorted Array LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Find First and Last Position of Element in Sorted Array LeetCode Solution says that – given an array of integers nums sorted in non-decreasing order, find the starting and ending position of a given target value. If target is not found in the array, return [-1, -1]. You must write an algorithm with O(log n) runtime complexity. ...

Question 111. Fibonacci Number LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Fibonacci Number LeetCode Solution says that – The Fibonacci numbers, commonly denoted F(n) form a sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, such that each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, starting from 0 and 1. That is F(0) = 0, F(1) = 1 F(n) = F(n - 1) + F(n - 2), ...

Question 112. Valid Anagram Leetcode Solution Problem Statement Valid Anagram Leetcode Solution – Given two strings s and t, return true if t is an anagram of s, and false otherwise. An Anagram is a word or phrase formed by rearranging the letters of a different word or phrase, typically using all the original letters exactly once. Example 1: Input: s = "anagram", t = "nagaram" Output: ...

Question 113. Next Permutation LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Next Permutation LeetCode Solution – A permutation of an array of integers is an arrangement of its members into a sequence or linear order. For example, for arr = [1,2,3], the following are considered permutations of arr: [1,2,3], [1,3,2], [3,1,2], [2,3,1]. The next permutation of an array of integers is the next lexicographically greater permutation of ...

Question 114. Minimum Number of Arrows to Burst Balloons LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Minimum Number of Arrows to Burst Balloons LeetCode Solution: There are some spherical balloons taped onto a flat wall that represents the XY-plane. The balloons are represented as a 2D integer array points where points[i] = [xstart, xend] denotes a balloon whose horizontal diameter stretches between xstart and xend. You do not know the exact y-coordinates of ...

Question 115. Flatten Binary Tree to Linked List LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Flatten Binary Tree to Linked List LeetCode Solution: Given the root of a binary tree, flatten the tree into a “linked list”: The “linked list” should use the same TreeNode class where the right child pointer points to the next node in the list and the left child pointer is always null. The “linked list” should be ...

Question 116. Next Greater Element I Leetcode Solution Problem Statement Next Greater Element I Leetcode Solution – The next greater element of some element x in an array is the first greater element that is to the right of x in the same array. You are given two distinct 0-indexed integer arrays nums1 and nums2, where nums1 is a subset of nums2. For each 0 <= i < nums1.length, find the index j such that nums1[i] == nums2[j] and determine ...

Question 117. Find K Closest Elements LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Find K Closest Elements LeetCode Solution – Given a sorted integer array arr, two integers k and x, return the k closest integers to x in the array. The result should also be sorted in ascending order. An integer a is closer to x than an integer b if: |a - x| < |b - x|, or |a - x| == |b - ...

Question 118. Sort Colors LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Sort Colors LeetCode Solution – Given an array nums with n objects colored red, white, or blue, sort them in-place so that objects of the same color are adjacent, with the colors in the order red, white, and blue. We will use the integers 0, 1, and 2 to represent the color red, white, and blue, respectively. ...

Question 119. Excel Sheet Column Number LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Excel Sheet Column Number LeetCode Solution says that Given a string columnTitle that represents the column title as appears in an Excel sheet, return its corresponding column number. For example: A -> 1 B -> 2 C -> 3 ... Z -> 26 AA -> 27 AB -> 28 ...   ...

Question 120. LRU Cache Leetcode Solution Problem Statement The LRU Cache LeetCode Solution – “LRU Cache” asks you to design a data structure that follows Least Recently Used (LRU) Cache We need to implement LRUCache class that has the following functions: LRUCache(int capacity): Initializes the LRU cache with positive size capacity. int get(int key): Return the value ...

Question 121. Fibonacci Number LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Fibonacci Number LeetCode Solution – “Fibonacci Number” states that The Fibonacci numbers, commonly denoted F(n) form a sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, such that each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, starting from 0 and 1. That is, F(0) = 0, F(1) = 1 F(n) = F(n - 1) + F(n ...

Question 122. Remove Duplicates from Sorted List LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Remove Duplicates from Sorted List LeetCode Solution – We are given the head of a sorted linked list. We are asked to delete all the duplicates such that each element appears only once and return the linked list sorted as well. Examples & Explanations Example 1: Input: head ...

Question 123. First Unique Character in a String LeetCode Solution Problem Statement First Unique Character in a String LeetCode Solution – Given a string s, find the first non-repeating character in it and return its index. If it does not exist, return -1. Example Test Case 1: Input: s = “leetcode” Output: 0 Test Case 2: Input: s = “aabb” Output: -1 Explanation ...

Question 124. Invert Binary Tree LeetCode Solution Problem Statement: Invert Binary Tree LeetCode Solution – In this question, Given a root of any binary tree, the solution is required to invert the binary tree meaning the left tree should become the right tree and vice versa.   Explanation We can ask ourselves which tree traversal would be ...

Question 125. Closest Binary Search Tree Value Leetcode Solution Problem Statement : Closest Binary Search Tree Value Leetcode Solution – Given the root of a binary search tree and a target value, return the value in the BST that is closest to the target. Example : Example 1 Input: root = [4,2,5,1,3], target = 3.714286 Output: 4 Example 2 Input: root = [1], target ...

Question 126. N-Queens LeetCode Solution Problem Statement N-Queens LeetCode Solution – The n-queens puzzle is the problem of placing n queens on a n x n chessboard such that no two queens attack each other. Given an integer n, return all distinct solutions to the n-queens puzzle. You may return the answer in any order. Each solution contains a distinct board configuration of the ...

Question 127. Regular Expression Matching Regular Expression Matching LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Regular Expression Matching Regular Expression Matching LeetCode Solution – Given an input string s and a pattern p, implement regular expression matching with support for '.' and '*' where: '.' Matches any single character.​​​​ '*' Matches zero or more of the preceding element. The matching should cover the entire input string (not partial). Example Test Case 1: Input: ...

Question 128. Binary Tree Right Side View LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Binary Tree Right Side View LeetCode Solution – Given the root of a binary tree, imagine yourself standing on the right side of it, and return the values of the nodes you can see ordered from top to bottom. Example Test Case 1: Input: root = [1, 2, 3, null, 5, null, ...

Question 129. Find Median from Data Stream LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Find Median from Data Stream LeetCode Solution – The median is the middle value in an ordered integer list. If the size of the list is even, there is no middle value and the median is the mean of the two middle values. For example, for arr = [2,3,4], the median ...

Question 130. Asteroid Collision LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Asteroid Collision LeetCode Solution – We are given an array asteroids of integers representing asteroids in a row. For each asteroid, the absolute value represents its size, and the sign represents its direction (positive meaning right, negative meaning left). Each asteroid moves at the same speed. Find out the state ...

Question 131. Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree LeetCode Solution – Serialization is the process of converting a data structure or object into a sequence of bits so that it can be stored in a file or memory buffer, or transmitted across a network connection link to be reconstructed later in ...

Question 132. Robot Bounded In Circle LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Robot Bounded In Circle LeetCode Solution – On an infinite plane, a robot initially stands at (0, 0) and faces north. Note that: The north direction is the positive direction of the y-axis. The south direction is the negative direction of the y-axis. The east direction is the positive direction of the x-axis. The west direction is the ...

Question 133. Minimum Number of Taps to Open to Water a Garden LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Minimum Number of Taps to Open to Water a Garden LeetCode Solution – There is a one-dimensional garden on the x-axis. The garden starts at the point 0 and ends at the point n. (i.e The length of the garden is n). There are n + 1 taps located at points [0, 1, ..., n] in ...

Question 134. Binary Tree Zigzag Level Order Traversal LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Binary Tree Zigzag Level Order Traversal LeetCode Solution – Given the root of a binary tree, return the zigzag level order traversal of its nodes’ values. (i.e., from left to right, then right to left for the next level and alternate between). Input: root = [3,9,20,null,null,15,7] Output: [[3],[20,9],[15,7]] Explanation We ...

Question 135. Find the Duplicate Number LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Find the Duplicate Number LeetCode Solution – Given an array of integers nums containing n + 1 integers where each integer is in the range [1, n] inclusive. There is only one repeated number in nums, return this repeated number. You must solve the problem without modifying the array nums and uses only constant extra space. Input: nums = [1,3,4,2,2] Output: 2 Explanation ...

Question 136. Product of Array Except Self LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Product of Array Except Self LeetCode Solution – Given an integer array nums, return an array answer such that answer[i] is equal to the product of all the elements of nums except nums[i]. The product of any prefix or suffix of nums is guaranteed to fit in a 32-bit integer. You must write an algorithm that runs in O(n) time and without using the division ...

Question 137. Palindrome Permutation LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Palindrome Permutation LeetCode Solution – We are given a string and asked if a permutation of the given string could form a palindrome. Examples & Explanations Example 1: Input: s = "code" Output: false Explanation: we can not arrange letters of "code" to form a palindrome Example 2: ...

Question 138. Intersection of Two Linked Lists LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Intersection of Two Linked Lists LeetCode Solution – We are given the heads of two strongly linked-lists headA and headB. It is also given that the two linked lists may intersect at some point. We are asked to return the node at which they intersect or null if ...

Question 139. Search Suggestions System LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Search Suggestions System LeetCode Solution – You are given an array of strings products and a string searchWord. Design a system that suggests at most three product names from products after each character of searchWord is typed. Suggested products should have a common prefix with searchWord. If there are more than three products with a ...

Question 140. Top K Frequent Words LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Top K Frequent Words LeetCode Solution – Given an array of strings words and an integer k, return the k most frequent strings. Return the answer sorted by the frequency from highest to lowest. Sort the words with the same frequency by their lexicographical order. Example Test Case 1: Input: words = [“i”,”love”,”leetcode”,”i”,”love”,”coding”] k = 2 Output: [“i”,”love”] Explanation ...

Question 141. Merge Sorted Array LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Merge Sorted Array LeetCode Solution – You are given two integer arrays nums1 and nums2, sorted in non-decreasing order, and two integers m and n, representing the number of elements in nums1 and nums2 respectively. Merge nums1 and nums2 into a single array sorted in non-decreasing order. The final sorted array should not be returned by the function, but instead be stored inside the array nums1. ...

Question 142. Delete Node in a Linked List Leetcode Solution Problem Statement : Delete Node in a Linked List Leetcode Solution – Write a function to delete a node in a singly-linked list. You will not be given access to the head of the list, instead, you will be given access to the node to be deleted directly. It is guaranteed that the node to be deleted is not ...

Question 143. String to Integer (atoi) LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The String to Integer (atoi) Leetcode Solution -“String to Integer (atoi)” states that Implementing the myAtoi(string s) function, which converts a string to a 32-bit signed integer (similar to C/C++’s atoi function). The algorithm for myAtoi(string s) is as follows: Read in and ignore any leading whitespace. Check if the next character (if ...

Question 144. String Compression LeetCode Solution Problem Statement String Compression LeetCode Solution – Given an array of characters chars, compress it using the following algorithm: Begin with an empty string s. For each group of consecutive repeating characters in chars: If the group’s length is 1, append the character to s. Otherwise, append the character followed by the group’s length. The compressed string ...

Question 145. Minimum Moves to Equal Array Elements LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Minimum Moves to Equal Array Elements LeetCode Solution – Given an integer array nums of size n, return the minimum number of moves required to make all array elements equal. In one move, you can increment n - 1 elements of the array by 1. Example 1: Input  1: nums = [1, 2, 3] Output: ...

Question 146. Excel Sheet Column Title LeetCode Solution Problem Statement Excel Sheet Column Title LeetCode Solution – We are given a column number (let’s call it colNum) and need to return its corresponding column title as it appears in an excel sheet For example A -> 1 B -> 2 C -> 3 … Z -> 26 AA ...

Question 147. Move Zeroes LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The problem, Move Zeroes LeetCode Solution states that you are given an array containing zero and non-zero elements and you need to move all the zeroes to the end of the array, maintaining the relative order of non-zero elements in the array. You also need to implement an in-place ...

Question 148. Number of Provinces Leetcode Solution Problem Statement Number of Provinces Leetcode Solution – We are given an adjacency matrix representation of a graph and need to find the number of provinces. Here province is a group of directly or indirectly connected cities and no other cities outside of the group. Example Example 1: Input: isConnected ...

Question 149. Word Ladder LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The Word Ladder LeetCode Solution – “Word Ladder” states that you are given a string beginWord, string endWord, and a wordList. We need to find the shortest transformation sequence length (if no path exists, print 0) from beginWord to endWord following the given conditions: All the Intermediate Words should ...

Question 150. Last Stone Weight II LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The problem Last Stone Weight II  says you are given an array of integers stones where stones[i] is the weight of the ith stone. We are playing a game with the stones. On each turn, we choose any two stones and smash them together. Suppose the stones have weights x and y ...

Question 151. Meeting Rooms II LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The Meeting Rooms II LeetCode Solution – “Meeting Rooms II” states that you are given an array of meeting time intervals “intervals” where “intervals[i] = [ start[i], end[i] ]”, return the minimum number of conference rooms required. Example: intervals = [[0,30],[5,10],[15,20]] 2 Explanation: Meeting one can be done ...

Question 152. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock LeetCode Solution – “Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock” states that You are given an array of prices where prices[i] is the price of a given stock on an ith day. You want to maximize your profit by choosing ...

Question 153. Median of Two Sorted Arrays LeetCode Solution Problem statement Median of Two Sorted Arrays LeetCode solution – In the problem “Median of Two Sorted Arrays”, we are given two sorted arrays nums1 and nums2 of size m and n respectively, and we have to return the median of the two sorted arrays. The overall run time complexity should be O(log (m+n)). Example nums1 = [1,3], ...

Question 154. Number of Islands LeetCode Solution Problem Statement The number of Islands LeetCode Solution – “Number of Islands” states that you are given an m x n 2D binary grid which represents a map of ‘1’s (land) and ‘0’s (water), you have to return the number of islands. An island is surrounded by water and is ...

Question 155. LRU Cache LeetCode Solution Question Design a data structure that follows the constraints of a Least Recently Used (LRU) cache. Implement the LRUCache class: LRUCache(int capacity) Initialize the LRU cache with positive size capacity. int get(int key) Return the value of the key if the key exists, otherwise return -1. void put(int key, int value) Update the value of the key if the key exists. Otherwise, add the key-value pair to ...

Question 156. Kth Largest Element in a Stream Leetcode Solution Problem Statement In this problem, we have to design a class KthLargest() that initially has an integer k and an array of integers. We need to write a parameterized constructor for it when an integer k and array nums are passed as arguments. The class also has a function add(val) that adds ...

Question 157. Pow(x, n) Leetcode Solution The problem “Pow(x, n) Leetcode Solution” states that you are given two numbers, one of which is a floating-point number and another an integer. The integer denotes the exponent and the base is the floating-point number. We are told to find the value after evaluating the exponent over the base. ...

Question 158. Permutations Leetcode Solution The problem Permutations Leetcode Solution provides a simple sequence of integers and asks us to return a complete vector or array of all the permutations of the given sequence. So, before going into solving the problem. We should be familiar with permutations. So, a permutation is nothing but an arrangement ...

Question 159. Valid Anagrams In the problem “Valid Anagrams” we have given two strings str1 and str2. Find out that both the strings are anagrams or not. If they are anagrams return true else return false. Example Input: str1 = “abcbac” str2 = “aabbcc” Output: true Explanation: Since str2 can be formed by rearranging ...

Question 160. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock with Cooldown Leetcode Solution Problem statement In the problem “Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock with Cooldown” we are given an array where each element in the array contains the price of the given stock on that day. There is no restriction on the number of transactions. The definition of the transaction is ...

Question 161. Write a function to get the intersection point of two Linked Lists Problem Statement The problem “Write a function to get the intersection point of two Linked Lists” states that you are given two linked lists. But they are not independent linked lists. They are connected at some point. Now you need to find this point of intersection of these two lists. ...

Question 162. Merge K Sorted Linked Lists Merge K sorted linked lists problem is so famous as per the interview point of view. This question asks so many times in big companies like Google, Microsoft, Amazon, etc.  As the name suggests we’ve been provided with k sorted linked lists. We have to merge them together into a ...

Question 163. Find Median from data Stream In Find Median from the data Stream problem, we have given that integers are being read from a data stream. Find the median of all the elements read so far starting from the first integer till the last integer. Example Input 1: stream[ ] = {3,10,5,20,7,6} Output : 3 6.5 ...

Question 164. LRU Cache Implementation Least Recently Used (LRU) Cache is a type of method which is used to maintain the data such that the time required to use the data is the minimum possible. LRU algorithm used when the cache is full. We remove the least recently used data from the cache memory of ...

Question 165. Merge Sort What is merge sort? Merge Sort is a Recursive Procedure. It is also a divide and conquers algorithm. Now we need to know what divide and conquer algorithm is? It’s a type of procedure in which we divide the problem into subproblems and divide them until we find the shortest ...

Question 166. Climbing stairs Problem Statement The problem “Climbing stairs” states that you are given a staircase with n stairs. At a time you can either climb one stair or two stairs. How many numbers of ways to reach the top of the staircase? Example 3 3 Explanation There are three ways to climb ...

Question 167. Ugly Numbers The positive numbers whose only prime factors are 2, 3, or 5 are known as ugly numbers. For eg- 8 is an ugly number because it’s an only prime factor is 2 but 7 is not an ugly number because it’s a prime factor is 7. 1 being an exception ...

Question 168. Find Pair with Given Difference Problem Statement In the given unsorted array, find the pair of elements in the given array with given difference n. Example Input arr[] = {120, 30, 70, 20, 5, 6}, difference(n) = 40 Output [30, 70] Explanation Here the difference of 30 and 70 is equal to the value of ...

Question 169. Detect a loop in the Linked List Problem Statement In the “Detect a loop in the Linked List” problem we have given a linked list. Find whether there is loop or not. If there is a loop in the linked list then some node in the linked list will be pointing to one of the previous nodes ...

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